Invasive Species News and Research, August 2020

The U.S. announced a major investment in invasive species strategy. Western land managers share biocontrol updates. Worldwide scientists raise alarm on invasive species.
Invasive species managers use a canoe to gather Trapa bispinoa

Every month, new species are introduced to our lands and waters, new studies are published, and new methods of control are tested—with impacts varying across the map. It would be nearly impossible to stay on top of every piece of invasive species news.

However, the staff and board of the North American Invasive Species Management Association review headlines each month. This helps us stay on top of trends and further our mission to support, promote, and empower invasive species prevention and management in North America. We then share invasive species news most relevant for people who manage terrestrial and aquatic invasive species across the the United States, Canada and the world.

So, what happened this month?

  • Fire is high on our mind, and sources are connecting severe wildfires to invasive species.
  • Invasive species management tools such as biological control, pairing flooding with herbicide, and using UV light on aquatic invasives all received good coverage this month.
  • In the U.S., the biggest land conservation legislation in decades will be signed, and the Department of the Interior is seeking comments on major funding for invasive species management.
  • These invasive species headlines, and much more. Read on:

Success Stories: Prevention, Eradication and Restoration

Examples of biological control insects at different life stages.
Top left to right: Adult, eggs and larval damage of Cheilosia urbana for the control of invasive hawkweeds;
Bottom left to right: Adult, eggs, larva and larval damage (see dry, dead shoot) of Archanara geminipuncta on common reed.

Invasive Weeds in America’s Western States: Restoring Balance Using Biological Control

American West — Read on CABI

Several biocontrol agents have been approved for release in the USA and there are a number of exciting biocontrol projects underway.

Interaction of Restored Hydrological Connectivity and Herbicide Suppresses Dominance of a Floodplain Invasive Species

New York — Read on New York Invasive Species Institute

Invasive species management implications include the insight that restored flood inundation onto a floodplain has the potential to reduce the dominance of perennial pepperweed over both short and long timescales. Also, “In areas where ecological function is not fully restored, the combination of applied control measures and the restored process (i.e. inundation, fire) can be successful in suppressing invasive weed populations.” 

‘Fire is Medicine’: the Tribes Burning California Forests to Save Them

California — Read on The Guardian

The U.S. government outlawed the process for a century before recognizing its value.

Our 2020 Invasive Species Conference is Virtual, and We Want You to Be There!

Mark your calendars for October 6-8, 2020. Register today, and you'll get 96+ presentations, a live Q&A at each session, access to recordings available for 1 year, CEUs, and live networking sessions.

New Research

Alien Ectomycorrhizal Plants Differ in Their Ability to Interact with Co-introduced and Native Ectomycorrhizal Fungi in Novel Sites

Global — Preview on the ISME Journal

In alien plants, successful establishment can be constrained by the absence of suitable fungal partners.

Plant Size and Habitat Traits Influence Cycad Susceptibility to Invasive Species

Guam — Read on Phys.org

Invasions included the armored scale Aulacaspis yasumatsui and specialist butterfly Chilades pandava. The results of the researchers’ island-wide compilation of plant mortality over 15 years reveals only 4% of the 2005 population remains alive on Guam. Plants within large contiguous forests have exhibited less damage than plants within forest fragments.

Detection, Management and Control

How Experts are Racing to Control the Asian Giant ‘Murder’ Hornet

Washington — Listen on WestGov

Join WGA Policy Advisor Bill Whitacre and Washington State Department of Agriculture entomologist Sven-Erik Spichiger as they explore how the Asian Giant Hornet spreads.

Tamarisk Beetles Move into Arizona

Arizona — Read on RiversEdge West
 
Recent data from Dr. Dan Bean with the Colorado Department of Agriculture’s Palisade Insectary has shown that these lower latitude populations of the Northern beetle have evolved beyond physiological restraints that determined when populations of beetles entered diapause (akin to hibernation for insects). 
 
Invasive species managers use a canoe to gather Trapa bispinoa
Trapa bispinoa is an invasive aquatic plant first discovered in the United States in Pohick Bay, which straddles Fairfax County and the Potomac River. It can be a danger to aquatic life because it chokes out sunlight from getting into the water. Image: John Odenkirk

A Type of Water Chestnut, Trapa bispinoa, Threatens Potomac Watershed

Virginia — Read on WJLA

Trapa bispinoa can easily be confused with another invasive water chestnut plant already in the U.S. called Trapa natans.

Using UV Light to Treat Aquatic Invasive Species

Lake Tahoe — Read/Watch on News 4
 
A large aquatic vessel with over 600 lights damage the DNA structures of the invasive aquatic plants curly-leaf pondweed and watermilfoil.
 
Further reading: Our fight against aquatic invasive species (Opinion in Tahoe Daily Tribune)
 

Policy and Rulemaking

Trump Administration Outlines Comprehensive Strategy to Tackle $120 Billion Problem

United States — Read on the U.S. Department of the Interior

When finalized and implemented, the strategic plan (download PDF) will allow Interior to be a more responsive partner to state and Tribal agency requests for federal assistance to combat invasive species without adding regulations that impede business and our economy.


 
DOI Invasive Species Strategic Plan Public Listening Sessions

RSVP Link Here

  • Please RSVP by 5:00 p.m. Eastern, September 14 for sessions on September 17 or September 22 (Tribal Consultation or Alaska Native Corporation Consultation). 
  • RSVP by 5:00 p.m. Eastern, September 21 for sessions on September 24 or September 28 (Public Sessions).
 
NAISMA Request for Input

The North American Invasive Species Management Association (NAISMA) is compiling feedback from its members and subscribers and will send a summary of responses provided in this survey to DOI. Only comments that are respectful and address the Strategic Plan directly will be forwarded to DOI as public comment.

Provide Your Input Here

 


The Great American Outdoors Act: the Biggest Land Conservation Legislation in a Generation

United States — Read Q&A on Harvard Gazette

Linda Bilmes analyzes the complicated history and likely impact of the Great American Outdoors Act

Scientists’ Warning on Invasive Alien Species

Global — Read on Biological Reviews

Improved international cooperation is crucial to reduce the impacts of invasive alien species on biodiversity, ecosystem services, and human livelihoods. Countries can strengthen their biosecurity regulations to implement and enforce more effective management strategies that should also address other global changes that interact with invasions.

Conversations

Cheatgrass, Fire, and Sagebrush

Rocky Mountains – Read on Audubon

“Achieving these solutions will only be possible with widespread public demand for action, and for that to happen there needs to be a greater public awareness of the issue.”

 

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